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Emmanuel Sulle

Research Associate

emmanuel sulle plaas researcher

Tel: +27-(0)21-959-3750

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Emmanuel Sulle joined PLAAS as a Researcher in January 2013. Prior to this appointment he was a Graduate Assistant at the School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, where he investigated the most viable policy options for sustainable business models for biofuels investments in Tanzania. He also researched the national tax regime on tourism investments occurring in communal land in northern Tanzania to establish enabling policy for rural communities to accrue sufficient benefit from these investments.

At the moment Sulle is working on two major research projects covering a number of Southern African countries to examine the impacts of large-scale farming and the institutional arrangements pertaining to land deals. His current research interests lie in exploring viable agricultural business models, land tenure and rural livelihoods. Sulle uses his background in Public Policy and extensive field research in Tanzania to understand best policy options for sustainable agricultural investments.

Contemporary research indicates the increased desire for food and energy production among rural small-holders. However, policy makers have contested arguments about the results of these investments to different actors. Sulle’s research seeks to influence institutional frameworks for different undertakings in different contexts and economic sectors, and create inclusive business models that fairly redistribute benefits, costs and risks to enable sustainable development. In deepening his knowledge on these aspects, Sulle is now doing his PhD on Land and Agrarian Studies at UWC.

Research Focus

Inclusive business models, land tenure and rural livelihoods


  • Masters of Public Policy, University of Maryland
  • BA in Economics, Saint Augustine University of Tanzania (SAUT)

Selected Publications

  • Sulle, E. & H. Dancer (2019). Gender, Politics and Sugarcane Commercialisation in Tanzania. Submitted to the Journal of Peasant Studies DOI: 10.1080/03066150.2019.1632294.
  • Snyder, K.A., Sulle, E., Massay, D.A et al. (2019). “Modern” farming and the transformation of livelihoods in rural Tanzania. Agriculture and Human Values.
  • Sulle, E. & H. Banka. (2017). Tourism taxation, politics and territorialisation in Tanzania’s Wildlife Management. Journal of Conservation and Society;year=2017;volume=15;issue=4;spage=465;epage=473;aulast=Sulle.
  • Sulle, E. (2017). Social differentiation and the politics of land: sugarcane outgrowing in Kilombero, Tanzania. Journal of Southern African Studies
  • Sulle, E. (2016). Land grabbing and commercialization duality: Insights from Tanzania’s agricultural transformation agenda, Afriche e orienti (Italian Journal on African and Middle Eastern Studies).
  • Sulle, E., & R. Smalley (2015). The State and foreign capital in agricultural commercialization in Tanzania: the case of Kilombero Sugar Company in Hall, R. I. Scoones, and D. Tsikata: Africa’s land rush: implications for rural livelihoods and agrarian change. Oxford: James Currey.
  • Paradza, G. & E. Sulle (2015). Agrarian struggles over resources: Insights from two sugarcane plantations in Mozambique in Hall, R. I. Scoones, and D. Tsikata: Africa’s land rush: implications for rural livelihoods and agrarian change. Oxford: James Currey.
  • Sulle, E. H. Banka & J. Ntalwila (2014): Wildlife tourism experiences: Case studies from rural Tanzania In Dashper, K. (2014): Rural Tourism: An International Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.