Nitin Rai is an Independent scholar interested in the political ecology of tiger conservation in India. Among the questions that animate his work are: How do issues of power get implicated in conservation efforts? How is knowledge produced and why are certain forms of knowledge privileged over others? His work challenges current narratives that view nature as static and human presence in forests as being inimical to biodiversity. More recently he has been critically analysing ongoing efforts to economically value tiger reserves, the increasing emphasis on wildlife population estimation methods, and the use of technology for conservation surveillance and monitoring.